PottsMGNet: A Mathematical Explanation of Encoder-Decoder Based Neural Networks

Date: Tue. September 19, 2023
Event: FAU DCN-AvH Seminar
Organized by: FAU DCN-AvH at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)

PottsMGNet: A Mathematical Explanation of Encoder-Decoder Based Neural Networks

Speaker: Prof. Xue-Cheng Tai
Affiliation: Norwegian Research Centre

Abstract. For problems in image processing and many other fields, a large class of effective neural networks has encoder-decoder-based architectures. Although these networks have made impressive performances, mathematical explanations of their architectures are still underdeveloped. In this paper, we study the encoder-decoder-based network architecture from the algorithmic perspective and provide a mathematical explanation. We use the two-phase Potts model for image segmentation as an example for our explanations. We associate the segmentation problem with a control problem in the continuous setting. Then, multigrid method and operator splitting scheme, the PottsMGNet, are used to discretize the continuous control model. We show that the resulting discrete PottsMGNet is equivalent to an encoder-decoder-based net- work. With minor modifications, it is shown that a number of the popular encoder- decoder-based neural networks are just instances of the proposed PottsMGNet. By incorporating the Soft-Threshold-Dynamics into the PottsMGNet as a regularizer, the PottsMGNet has shown to be robust with the network parameters such as network width and depth and achieved remarkable performance on datasets with very large noise. In nearly all our experiments, the new network always performs better or as good on accuracy and dice score than existing networks for image segmentation.

This talk is based on a joint work with Hao Liu and Raymond Chan


Tue. September 19, 2023 at 14:00H (Berlin time)


Zoom meeting link
(Meeting ID: 774 564 5015 | PIN code: 961615)


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